What Are the Most Common Causes of a CVA?
Cerebral palsy and CVA (ischemic cerebrovital accident, patrician stroke, apoplexy or cerebral vascular accident) are similar terms used to describe neurological injuries that happen in the brain but may be different causes.
Characteristic features of both Cerebrovascular accidents and its underlying causes are: sudden damage of the brain to various parts such as the cerebrum, cerebellum and brain stem. Depending on its underlying mechanism, a CVA may also cause brain damage to other body organs such as the heart, kidneys, liver and lungs.
Cerebral palsy refers to a condition that affects the motor functions of a person. It results from damage to nerve cells in the brain which result to weakness, involuntary movements, coordination and speech. Some types of CVA may also cause seizures and motor weakness.
On the other hand, cerebroventricular accident is an injury caused to the cerebrum or brain stem resulting to brain injury. It is most commonly known as a brain stem stroke. The symptoms associated with this type of CVA are shortness of breath, slurred speech and sometimes vomiting and nausea.
Hemorrhagic ischemic stroke is a type of stroke affecting the brain stem, which causes death of the brain cells and results to the partial or full paralysis of the brainstem. This type of CVA is the most serious type due to its potential to result in death of the victim and may lead to stroke in the future. In a hemorrhagic ischemic stroke, blood accumulates around the brain which causes a swelling and is filled with a liquid substance called cerebriepolyte.
Apoplexy is a type of CVA which may occur suddenly or as the result of a long-term illness.
Apoplexy is characterized by involuntary twitching and muscle spasms caused by physical damage to the neck muscles and in some cases, the face, arms and legs.
Stroke is the most common type of CVA, which results to the death of brain cells in the brain stem. Some of the symptoms of this type of CVA include convulsions, loss of consciousness, irregular and rapid heart beats, seizures and even coma.
Cervical vertebral or cervical vascular accident is an injury caused to the upper part of the spinal cord that penetrates the brain stem which may result to the death of nerve cells and the death of the victim. This type of CVA can occur due to any form of vascular injury. The most common CVA caused by a cervical vertebral ischemic stroke is a stroke.
Cerebral palsy and CVA are closely related; however, they are not synonymous. A cerebroventricular accident is an ischemic stroke while cerebroventricular accident is an ischemic stroke.
Ischemia is a type of CVA that occurs when the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, the fluid that nourishes the brain and spinal cord is interrupted. It is usually caused by injuries or tumors to the brainstem. The cerebrospinal fluid supplies nutrients to the brain. When cerebrospinal fluid flow is interrupted, the brain does not receive nutrients and other substances needed to function.
Perivascular or vascular accidents are also referred to as ischemic strokes.
These types of strokes occur when the arteries become enlarged and clog up with plaque. or clots, which clogs the vessels and prevent blood from flowing. to the brain. The effect of this type of stroke is the reduction in cerebral blood flow and death of brain cells.
Peripheral ischemic stroke is an ischemic stroke caused by injuries to the nerves. While peripheral ischemic stroke happens in the central nervous system, it is less common than central ischemic stroke.
Congenital ischemic stroke is a type of stroke that happens in children and is characterized by a narrowing of the blood vessels or arteries. The brainstem’s blood supply is affected, which affects the body’s ability to respond to stimuli and may result in death.
Traumatic ischemic stroke is caused by injury or trauma to the brain’s blood vessels and the arteries. This type of stroke occurs when the body’s ability to process oxygenated blood is compromised and is characterized by weakness, numbness, tingling, impaired hand movements, and irregular breathing. In addition, pain may occur at the site of injury or may be present in the arm or leg of the affected person.